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Discuss the Copyright Act of 1957.

(1) Meaning of copyright. For the purposes of this Act, "copyright" means the exclusive right, by virtue of, and subject to the provisions of, this
  1. in the case of a literary, dramatic or musical work, to do and authorise the doing of any of the following acts, namely –
    1. to reproduce the work in any material form
    2. to publish the work;
    3. to perform the work in public;
    4. to produce, reproduce, perform or publish any translation of the work;
    5. to make any cinematograph film or a record in respect of the work ;
    6. to communicate the work by radio broadcast or to communicate to the public by a loud-speaker or any other similar instrument the broadcast of the work;
    7. to make any adaptation of the work;
    8. to do in relation to a translation or an adaptation of the work any of the acts specified in relation to the work in clauses (1) to (6);
  2. in the case of an artistic work, to do or authorise the doing of any of the following acts, namely –
    1. to reproduce the work in any material form;
    2. to publish the work;
    3. to include the work in any cinematograph film;
    4. to make any adaptation of the work;
    5. to do in relation to an adaptation of the work any of the acts specified in relation to the work in clauses (1) to (3).
  3. in the case of a cinematograph film, to do or authorise the doing of any of the following acts, namely;
    1. to make a copy of the film;
    2. to cause the film, in so far as it consists of visual images, to be seen in public and, in so far as it consists of sounds, to be heard in public;
    3. to make any record embodying the recording in any part of the sound track associated with the film by utilising such sound track;
    4. to communicate the film by broadcast;
  4. in the case of a record, to do or authorise the doing of any of the following acts by utilising the record, namely –
    1. to make any other record embodying the same recording;
    2. to cause the recording embodied in the record to be heard in public ;
    3. to communicate the recording embodied in the record by broadcast;
(2) Any reference in sub-section (1) to the doing of any act in relation to a work or a translation or an adaptation thereof shall include a reference to the doing of that act in relation to a substantial part thereof.

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